The Ultimate Guide to IQ Test
In the field of psychology, the term IQ (or intelligent quotient) refers to one of the primary measures used to assess human intelligence. It can also be used as a general indicator of a person's overall ability to succeed academically or professionally in life, given their level of innate intelligence. The term is so well-known that you have probably come across it many times in both your academic and personal life - especially if you're applying to college or graduate school programs, where taking an IQ test can be part of the admissions process.
Introduction to IQ Tests
People often confuse the term intelligent quotient with intelligence quotient. They are not the same. The Intelligent Quotient, also known as IQ, is a measure of someone's intelligence based on an exam that typically tests logic skills and reasoning abilities. A typical IQ test score can be between 70-140 points. Though this type of assessment does not measure creativity or wisdom, it does give some indication of someone's potential for academic achievement or success in the workforce.
While high IQ scores are often associated with success in life, a low score doesn't mean you'll be left behind. Other characteristics like being conscientious can compensate for someone's lower IQ or Intelligent Quotient. When seeking out an assessment, such as an IQ test, remember that it may not always provide an accurate representation of who you are as a person. After all, there is more to being smart than just your brain power.
History of IQ Tests
In 1881, French psychologist Alfred Binet (1857-1911) came up with the idea of having a test to identify children who were slow learners. This first test was used to distinguish kids from school age through adolescence. Around a century later, in the 1950s, psychologists David Wechsler (1896-1981) developed what we now call an IQ test for adults. He wanted to figure out how different factors like gender, intelligence level, culture or education affect our ability to do well on this type of test. One interesting finding is that older people tend to get higher scores than younger people. For example, if someone's average score goes down as they get older, it's usually because their vocabulary becomes smaller as they lose their hearing and eyesight.
How IQ is Calculated
One measure is the IQ score, calculated by dividing your Mental Age score by your Chronological Age and then multiplying the quotient by 100. Another common measure is the intelligence quotient or IQ which was invented in 1904 to standardize results for tests developed to measure intelligence. The IQ is set at 100 for a person with an average level of intellectual capacity who has reached the age at which intellectual development ends. Generally, people with an IQ higher than 130 are considered gifted.
Problems with Measuring Intelligence
Many psychologists question the validity of IQ tests, claiming they fail to give accurate measurements. The best estimates suggest that there are approximately 100-200 different elements that factor into intelligence. If a test includes only five out of these hundred, it will yield a very narrow view of the individual's intelligence. Additionally, these tests cannot account for family background or other issues like malnutrition that can affect intelligence levels in children. These problems have caused some people to question whether IQ tests measure any real level of intelligence. However, the point of measuring IQ is not so much to quantify intelligence as to compare individuals on a standardized scale. Most people may score higher than others on one type of test while scoring lower on another type of test.
Real-Life Applications of IQ Tests
One application for an IQ test is the placement or ranking of students in a school system. That is to say, IQ tests are often used to decide which programs a student should participate in or what grade they should be in at a given level. For example, students who score very high on the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills are often assigned to remedial courses such as math, reading, science, etcetera.
In some cases, students with a high IQ test score will skip classes they are advanced in. In other cases, students who do not score well on IQ tests are placed in classes that help them gain skills to improve their scores (for example, remedial math).
In terms of employment decisions, one of the ways employers use an applicant's IQ test is to determine if they would be a good fit for a particular position. Intelligence tests have been shown to have validity in predicting job performance. However, there are no uniform rules about how companies measure intelligence when it comes to hiring purposes.
How To Improve Your Score on an IQ Test
Certain jobs require a certain IQ. All IQ tests are calculated by dividing the mental age by the chronological age and multiplying by 100, with a standard deviation of 15 points. If you score well below average, then you may need to educate yourself further to do better in those jobs that require high intelligence. Your mental age is equivalent to your raw intelligence quotient which can be further boosted by activities such as reading, puzzles, chess, and games.
Some of the lows are that people may take the test for you, and not let you know the results or give false information on the results. While some of the highs are that it can measure intelligence levels by various factors to compare which one is more dominant. Another high is that they have educational measures so kids and adults who learn differently can still be assessed.
There's no clear-cut answer as to what IQ means because many different factors determine an individual's IQ score. There are many benefits to taking an IQ test because they measure intelligence in a way that many tests cannot do, but there are also negatives because sometimes people try to cheat their way into a higher score. In conclusion, while there are both positives and negatives to the IQ test, it is important to find out your score so you can better understand how intelligent you are.